Allison Bigelow Wins Book Award from American Historical Association

October 20, 2021

Congratulations to Allison Bigelow, who has just received the 2021 James A. Rawley Prize for Atlantic History from the American Historical Association. Allison's book, Mining Language: Racial Thinking, Indigenous Knowledge, and Colonial Metallurgy in the Early Modern Iberian World (Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture for the University of North Carolina Press, 2020), is the first monographic study of the technical and scientific vocabularies that Indigenous, African diasporic, South Asian, and European miners and metallurgists developed as they extracted and refined the metals that shaped the history of racial capitalism and globalization. The book draws together methods of visual, material cultural, and historical linguistic analysis to shed new light on the materiality of language, the connections between colonial science and society, and the understudied intellectual contributions of Indigenous, African, and South Asian mining women and men. You can learn more about the book here (YouTube link, rocking that no-childcare life during COVID), and you can purchase Mining Language from any of the BIPOC-owned bookstores on the department list of resources.

This is the 23rd year of the Rawley award, and the first time that the prize has gone to a scholar in Spanish. For a list of all recipients of the 2021 AHA book awards, please click here.

Le utz a wach? Come learn K'iche' at UVA! (Institute of World Languages)

October 18, 2021

From the Institute of World Languages: thanks to a collaborative program with Duke and Vanderbilt Universities, UVA students can study a range of less-commonly taught languages. By pooling our resources, these three universities have made available language study and summer immersion programs in Maya K'iche', Haitian Kreyòl, Turkish, and Swahili

To learn more about the K'iche' program, please click here: Please contact Allison Bigelow (amb8fk) with questions about the K'iche' program.

Click here to learn more about the consortium program:

A Conversation with Takoua Ben Mohamed (Italian)

October 15, 2021

A conversation (in Italian) between Italian Studies faculty Hiromi Kaneda and Stella Mattioli with Takoua Ben Mohammed, a Tunisian-Italian cartoonist, illustrator, graphic journalist, and video creator and producer.

When: October 22nd at 3:00 pm (USA, Eastern)

Where: Zoom

Two Fall-themed community events this month

October 14, 2021

Greetings and happy Autumn! Here area  couple of community events happening in Charlottesville during the month of October that may be of interest to students studying Spanish.

1) Garden and Harvest Festival at Wesley Memorial United Methodist Church on Sunday October, 17th at 3:30. This event will be a fundraiser to support sanctuary work with María Chavalán Sut. (See attached poster in English)

2) Volunteers needed to help organize the Día de los muertos festival, held at the Mcguffey Art Center, 201 2nd St NW, Charlottesville, VA 22902. 

                EN: SET UP DATE: Friday the 29th of October. The celebration will be held outside on Mcguffey art centers front lawn on October 31st starting at 4pm. Dismantling of the altar will be Thursday, October  4th. 

                SP: La fecha de instalación es: viernes 29 de octubre. La celebración se llevará a cabo al aire libre en el jardín delantero del centro de arte Mcguffey el 31 de octubre empezando a las 4 pm. El desmayo  del altar será el jueves 4 de octubre.

                In previous years, some our UVa students have had a great time volunteering for this community event. Two years ago, Zachary Anderson, one of our students, wrote this thoughtful and moving article on  his experience with the festival for the Cavalier Daily.

                Here is the event information from the organizer, Estela Knot (Lua Project):  

  • Dia de los muertos plan for 2021: Please Click the link below for dates and details. gracias friends, espero que pueden participar.
  • Español: El día de los muertos está a la vuelta de la esquina y espero que todos podamos unirnos para crear el altar, interpretar una pieza (bailar, cantar un canción, un poema, una obra de artista) o incluso simplemente para celebrar con nosotros. Todo es posible. Este será nuestro décimo año !!! ¿Puedes creerlo? He preparado un breve formulario de Google para que lo llene y sepamos cuántas personas podrán participar. Toda esta información nos ayuda a  planear y crear los flyers y empezar a publicarlo pronto. Unámonos y creemos algo hermoso para nuestro décimo año. no tiene por qué consumir mucho tiempo. Puede ser algo en lo que trabajes desde casa o algo que realices el día. todo es posible. Espero escuchar de usted.
  • English: the day of the dead is just around the corner and I hope that we can all come together to create the altar, perform a piece (song, a poem, a piece of artist work) or even just to celebrate with us. This will be our 10th year !!! Can you believe it? I have prepared a short Google form for you to fill out so that we can know how many people will be able to participate. This information will help us in our planning and in creating what we will publicize, which we really need to start working on soon. Let's come together and create something beautiful for our 10th year. it doesn't have to take up too much of your time. It can be something you work on from home or something that you perform the day of.  anything is possible.  I look forward to hearing from you. 
  • Link to form: 


Strips and Films: Urban Migration, Race, and Identity in Contemporary Visual Art

October 14, 2021

A double event (November 5 and 19) that will feature the participation of two guest speakers: Haitian Argentinian Wisny Dorce (film director and producer, founder of the first Black audiovisual company in Argentina), and Argentinian Italian Daniel Cuello (cartoonist and writer). The talks will be on Zoom, in Spanish (Wisny) and Italian (Daniel) with subtitles in both languages and English translation.

WHEN: Friday, November 5, from 3:15 to 4:30 (Wisny Dorce) Friday, November 19, from 3:15 to 4:30 (Daniel Cuello)

WHERE: Zoom 

This event is sponsored by the Center for Global Inquiry and Innovation as part of the project Creative Urban Arenas: A Digital Repository.


Wisny Dorce is a Haitian Argentinian movie director active in the Afro Argentine film panorama. He is the founder of the audiovisual production company Black Existencia Film. With his work Wisny tries to uncover and expose the institutional discrimination that the Afro descendant community in Argentina is experiencing. This talk will be in Spanish with Spanish subtitles and English translation.

Daniel Cuello is an Argentinian Italian artist, cartoonist, and writer. His work engages with the intellectual discussion around the concept of otherness. Daniel’s graphic novels describe, in a simple and nonoppressive tone, themes such as racism, migration, tyranny, and dystopia. This talk will be in Italian with Italian sub

K-12 English Learners Educational Resources

October 13, 2021

The educational resources for K-12 English Learners that the students in Esther Poveda's community engagement course sequence created in the Fall and Spring of 2020 are now available! They feature topics ranging from algebra vocabulary to a synopsis of the American Civil War, all designed for native Spanish speakers working to learn English. Please find the resources via this link:


October 11, 2021

On Wednesday, October 13th at 6:00pm the Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese, in conjunction with the English Department, the Center for Poetry and Poetics, and the Office of the Dean of Arts and Sciences, will be hosting a poetry reading by our Distinguished Visiting Professor Federico Díaz Granados. Mr. Federico Díaz Granados, who resides in Bogotá, Colombia, is one of the most prominent voices in contemporary Spanish-American poetry. Close to 200 critics from more than 100 universities (Harvard, Oxford, Columbia, and Princeton, among them) elected him the most significant Colombian poet born after 1970. His reading will be given in person in NAU Hall 101 at 6:00pm. Please join us in giving Mr. Díaz Granados a warm welcome and fantastic turnout for his poetry reading! 

MonacanTribal Council Member Sue Elliott, Monacan Citizen Victoria Ferguson, Monacan Tribal Chief Kenneth Branham. Acknowledged with Respect.

Interdisciplinary PhD Fellowship in Indigenous Studies: Applications Open for 2022

October 8, 2021
The Departments of Anthropology, Art, and Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese, in collaboration with the Graduate School of the College of Arts & Sciences, are thrilled to announce that applications are now open for UVA's Interdisciplinary Fellowship in Indigenous Studies (2022-2027). Students may apply from any degree program in Arts & Sciences. Please read below for an overview of the fellowship, mentorship, research, and professional development support, application information, and contacts.
Native American and Indigenous knowledge systems do not readily conform to disciplinary boundaries. Indigenous epistemologies, practices, belief systems, and ways of being in the world move within and across humanistic, social scientific, and scientific divides. Indigenous Studies, then, is more than an inter- or cross-disciplinary field: it is a methodological framework that grounds research in the protocols of place acknowledgement and researcher positionality by asking the fundamental question, “Where are we?” (Warrior 2014).
Fellows in the Indigenous Studies PhD cohort develop research expertise in their departments and work through diverse ways of knowing – ultimately, perhaps, challenging the foundations of their disciplines. Students can join existing initiatives and propose new projects in areas like Indigenous data collection, curation, and sovereignty (Anthropology; Data Science; Library); Indigenous arts, languages, and landscapes (Art and Architectural History; Global Development Studies; Linguistics; Museums; Music); Indigenous science, technology, and sustainability (Anthropology, Architecture, Spanish); and community-centered research (Equity Center; Democracy Initiative). Prospective applicants are encouraged to contact the faculty members below; they will be glad to direct you to individuals in an extensive network of faculty mentors, curators, and community members in Native North American and global Indigenous Studies.
Mentoring Plan and Resources
Research Methods and Ethics: Theory and Application
Students in the cohort will take a 3-credit course introducing them to Indigenous Studies and outlining the major methodologies used by scholars in the field. A one-credit lab practicum, led by experts from the UVA Library, will familiarize students with the historiographic, theoretical and interpretive methods that have shaped the field of Indigenous Studies. (Year 1)
Internships and Research Opportunities
Fellows will have the opportunity to conduct independent research and co-author with faculty on research in projects sponsored by the Spatial Technologies Lab in Anthropology, Race, Religion, and Democracy Lab, relevant labs in the Institute of Global Humanities and Cultures, and Rare Book School’s Andrew W. Mellon Fellowship for Diversity, Inclusion & Cultural Heritage. Fellows will be supported in their applications for internships at research and community outreach institutions like the Smithsonian (e.g., Mother Tongue Film Festival, National Museum of the American Indian, National Museum of Natural History), Fralin Museum of Art (supervising undergraduate interns in the Museum Internship Program), Kluge-Ruhe Aboriginal Art Collection, and the Library of Congress. This will give fellows the opportunity to expand their own research interests and build professional networks. (Years 1-3)
Brown-Bag Lunches
In coordination with the Center for Global Inquiry and Innovation and Fine Arts Library R-Lab, fellows will attend and organize informal brown-bag presentations by graduate students, faculty, and community leaders, both locally and globally, in-person or by Zoom. (Years 1-5)
Conference Travel
In addition to their research stipends, fellows will receive funds to present in conferences at least twice during their fellowship. (Years 2-5)
Academic Symposia
Fellows will organize a set of graduate student conferences at UVA. The topics will vary and will be organized in coordination with the faculty mentors. Fellows will determine if their events are public-facing, academic, or a combination of the two. It is expected that the cohort will organize at least two events during the fellowship. These events will provide fellows with the opportunity to disseminate their own research, as well as gain experience in conference organization and events management as part of their professional development. (Years 3-4)
Application and IDF Program Information
The Interdisciplinary PhD Fellowship at UVA works with and across departments to address issues of ethical urgency and prepare students in emerging research areas for diverse career paths. Fellows are encouraged to participate in professional development programs supported by PhD+, Center for Teaching Excellence, and working groups in their research areas (IHGC, Democracy Initiative). Cohorts are intentionally small, typically around 3-4 students per year, to provide students with maximum resources from faculty and staff. Each student receives a $6,000 research stipend in addition to their funding package from their department, as well as access to their program’s mentoring resources, research networks, and supportive intellectual community. For more information on IDF programs, please click here: or contact the co-directors, below. To begin your application, please click here:
Fellowship Co-Directors
Sonia Alconini, Anthropology
Allison Bigelow, Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese
Douglas Fordham, Art and Architectural History

La Sociedad Nacional Honoraria Hispánica

October 6, 2021

UVA's Zeta Zeta Chapter of Sigma Delta Pi is accepting applications for new members. If you are interested in promoting Hispanic Literatures and Cultures and have met the membership requirements (see below), Sigma Delta Pi is for you. Some of the most notable benefits are developing relationships with fellow like-minded UVA Spanish majors and minors, and the opportunity for national awards, grants, and scholarships, which can facilitate study abroad programs and provide money for graduate research grants. 


Sigma Delta Pi, the National Collegiate Hispanic Honor Society, is a non-profit organization incorporated in South Carolina, a member of the Association of College Honor Societies, and partners with the American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese and North American Academy of the Spanish Language. It was founded at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1919. With over 600 chapters nationwide, Sigma Delta Pi is a greatly respected and valued honor society.


Attached you will find a membership application. Please email ( the completed application and a copy of your unofficial transcript by Wednesday, October 20. The application form is on the Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese websites by following the Download Forms link. After the application deadline (Wednesday, October 20), you will participate in a mandatory initiation ceremony (Thursday, November 4 at 5:30 p.m.). Per Sigma Delta Pi National, no one can be initiated in absentia, so please confirm that you will be able to attend the initiation ceremony. You will receive credentials that certify you as a lifetime member of Sigma Delta Pi at the ceremony. Before applying for membership, please read the requirements detailed below.


  • Each must have completed three years of study of college-level Spanish (eighteen semester credit hours) or the equivalent thereof, including at least three semester hours of a course in Hispanic literature or Hispanic culture and civilization (third-year) 3000 level. This 3000 level course must be after the pre-requisite courses needed to declare a Spanish major. A student may be admitted to active membership while still enrolled in the 3000 level course if all other requirements have been met and if the instructor certifies that the student's work is of "B" or "A" quality.
  • The candidate for active membership must have a minimum grade point average of 3.2 on a 4.0-point scale in all Spanish courses taken.
  • The candidate must rank in the upper 35% (3.2 GPA) of his/her class and must have completed at least three semesters.
  • Graduate students who have been unconditionally admitted to a degree-granting program may be elected to membership upon completion of two graduate courses in Spanish with an average, which, if continued, will make them eligible for a graduate degree.
  • Sigma Delta Pi does not discriminate based on race, color, national or ethnic origin, sex, age, or disability.
  • If accepted to membership, there is a one-time membership fee of 40 dollars. 

UVa in Italy: Siena Women's and Gender Studies Courses 2022

October 1, 2021

UVa in Italy: Siena Global Studies Courses 2022

October 1, 2021

UVa in Italy: Siena Media Studies Courses 2022

October 1, 2021

UVa in Italy: Siena Politics Courses 2022

October 1, 2021

Homer Statue

Spanish Writing Tutoring

September 29, 2021

Spanish Writing Tutoring

Fall 2021

The Department of Spanish, Italian & Portuguese offers free writing tutoring in Spanish for students in 1000 through 4000-level classes (excluding SPAN 3010 and 3020). This fall semester, our tutoring sessions will be offered on Wednesdays (1:00-2:30) and Fridays (10:30-12:30). The week of the November break tutoring will be on Monday and Tuesday (3:30-4:30). All writing tutoring sessions will take place on ZOOM.

Dear Students: You are invited to make use of the free Spanish Writing Tutoring as you prepare written assignments for your classes this semester, or to go over past work to build on your learning. A great benefit of bringing your work to a tutor is that explaining or showing your drafts to a neutral reader is an effective way to unblock and to polish your writing.

The assistance offered through Spanish Writing Tutoring takes different forms, such as help with the organization of information and ideas, thesis development, or the revision of syntax and complex grammar.

You can bring your work at any stage of development; from an outline, a part of an essay or project in progress, or a complete essay or project- but no essay exams!

The tutors’ goal is to help you become a more autonomous writer, and to guide you towards thinking about writing in Spanish as a way of learning and knowing, rather than merely as a way of reporting

(Please note: Writing tutors cannot help with content generation for an essay or project, nor can they edit a finished piece of work.)

If you have questions, contact Paula Sprague (

Sign-up document and Zoom link here:

Sign-up document and Zoom link here

Free grammar tutoring for SPAN 1060-2020 takes place every Monday from 1 to 2 pm via Zoom – no appointment necessary. Meeting link:

Meeting ID: 720 499 026 Passcode: 294117

Newly Published Studies and Presentations in Russia

September 27, 2021

Professor Michael Gerli delivered one of two plenary addresses at the “World Congress on Historians of Power and Historians in Power” on September 20 in Moscow, Russia. The Congress was convened by the Academy of Arts and Sciences and the School for Advanced Studies in the Humanities of the Russian Federation. The title of Professor Gerli’s address was “Imperial Anxieties: Alfonso X of Castile and León and the Ethics of Power.” His newly published collection of studies, The Routledge Companion to Medieval Iberia: Unity in Diversity (London, New York: Routledge, 2021) was also featured at a book presentation on the afternoon of September 22.


September 14, 2021

Free Spanish Tutoring!

September 2, 2021



Spanish Major Workshop

September 1, 2021

Spanish Major Workshop

Wednesday, September 15 at 6:30 pm

Monroe Hall Room 110


Students who want to declare a Spanish major should attend.


Please download the Declaration of Major form and Major Requirements by Concentration & Course Grid  prior to the workshop and familiarize yourself with them. You will need to bring your laptop.


To declare a Spanish major, a student must have completed SPAN 3010 (Grammar & Composition I) or the equivalent, with a grade of C or better (C- is insufficient).*

*Unless you took this course Credit/No Credit due to COVID during Spring 2020, Summer 2020, Fall 2020, J-term 2021, or Spring 2021.

Spanish Faculty Advisors will be in attendance and review the highlights of declaring a Spanish major, answer questions from students, assign advisors, and sign major declaration forms. All students are welcome to attend to get more information about the Spanish program.


Email Linda Newman at for questions.

Computer Science in Siena!

August 31, 2021

Distinguished Visiting Professor, Fall Semester 2021

August 30, 2021

We have the great pleasure in announcing that Mr. Federico Díaz Granados will be our Distinguished Visiting Professor this Fall!

Mr. Federico Díaz Granados, who resides in Bogotá, Colombia, is one of the most prominent voices in contemporary Spanish-American poetry. Close to 200 critics from more than 100 universities (Harvard, Oxford, Columbia, and Princeton, among them) elected him the most significant Colombian poet born after 1970.

He has directed thirteen meetings of the Festival Internacional de Literatura Las Líneas de su Mano, which has gathered together more than 400 Colombian and 250 international authors including several winners of the Pulitzer Prize, the Cervantes Prize and Poets laureate of the Congress of the United States. Likewise, he has organized events with the participation of Nobel Literature laureates Mario Vargas Llosa, Svetlana Alexievich and John M. Coetzee; Nobel Peace Prize winners Jody Williams and Juan Manuel Santos and the Nobel laureate in Medicine Harald Zur Hausen. He is the director of the press Valparaíso Ediciones. For several years he has organized the Taller de Poesía del Fondo de Cultura Económica and the Taller Distrital de Poesía Ciudad de Bogotá.

Mr. Federico Díaz Granados will be teaching an undergraduate course, SPAN 4520 section 003 Colombia and Its Culture (Last 50 Years), and a graduate seminar, SPAN 7850 003 Latin American Poetry Today. Please join us in giving a warm welcome to Mr. Granados!


Italian News and Medici Exhibitions

August 25, 2021

Deborah Parker (Professor of Italian) gave a public lecture earlier this spring on Dante for Georgetown University and Istituto Italiano di Cultura in Washington, D.C. as part of a series of events celebrating the 700th anniversary of Dante Alighieri: Dantedì: A Day with Dante

Parker also participated in a "Fireside Chat" on "Dante and His Publics" for the Dante Society of America and Harvard University in May and was interviewed by Art and Object for an article titled "Dante's Divine Comedy and its Influence on Art History."

Parker was also invited to record an interview for BBC 3’s flagship arts and ideas radio program Free Thinking on August 25, 202, on Dante’s Legacy. The program will include a Martin Kemp, an art historian, Emma Safe, a contemporary artist, and Julia Caterina Hartely, a scholar who’s written a book on reading Dante and Proust. The host will be Rana Mitter, an Oxford historian. Furthermore, Parker was recently invited by the the Met to participate in their Sunday at the Met series. The program is tied to the current exhibition, The Medici: Portraits and Politics. The program will include a costume historian and historian who will talk about Cosimo I de’ Medici’s cultural program. Dr. Parker's subject will be Painting Poets and focus on Bronzino’s Allegorical Portrait of Dante and Vasari’s Portrait of Six Tuscan Poets. The Medici: Portraits and Politics runs from June 26 to October 11, 2021, well worth a visit before the exhibition ends!

Congratulations to our Dr. Parker, we are proud to have you on our esteemed team of faculty. 

Mauricio Acuña

Welcome, Mauricio Acuña!

August 16, 2021

The Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese and the Program in Global Studies are thrilled to announce the arrival of Mauricio Herrera Acuña, one of six postdoctoral fellows in the university's new Rising Scholar program. Professor Acuña is a scholar of Afro-Latin American Studies, focusing on the literatures and cultures of the African Diaspora in the Americas, especially Brazil and Cuba. His research interests includes World Festivals of Black Arts, poetry, fiction, performances and the Afro-Brazilian martial art capoeira. In his next two years at UVA, Mauricio will be teaching three courses in Global Studies and SIP on themes like “Black Global Festivals: Literature and Performance,” “Images of Afro-Latin American Worlds,” and “Exuzilhar: Crossroads in Afro-Diasporic Cinema.” Students in these courses will engage with artists and create performances, as well as curate images for a visual exhibition. Students interested in learning about African diasporic art, history, and cultural productions in the Global South are encouraged to contact Mauricio now to start planning their schedules. You can see some of his work with visual arts, and get a sense of what you can do in class, on his blog, and learn more about his research on his faculty profile page.

Welcome, Mauricio! We're so excited you're here.

Congratulations to Sergio Silva!

August 16, 2021

Please join us in congratulating Sergio Silva, a graduate student specializing in early modern Iberian studies and historical memory, on the publication of his podcast episode, "Afterlives in Stone." Brilliantly incorporating testimony from members of the African American descendants of the enslaved laborers who built the University of Virginia, archival documents from the freed communty of nineteenth-century Charlottesville, and Pablo Neruda's 20th century poetry, Sergio's podcast offers a new way of understanding historical trauma, memory, and the redress of racial inequity both locally and globally. 

Click here for the audio file and transcript of "Afterlives in Stone." Students interested in participating in other public humanities projects should apply for fellowships at the Race, Religion, and Democracy Lab, here.

Congratulations to Sergio and all of the collaborators who shared their stories.

Voices featured: Diane Brown Townes, Elaine Rackley, Andie Waterman, Naikelly Rojas, Sarita Herman, James Ryan

Archival voices: Philena Carkin papers, Isabella Gibbons

Homer Statue

Albemarle High School Community Open House

August 12, 2021

Dear all,

We also want to offer a wonderful in-person opportunity to use your language skills to help out our neighbors on Thursday, August 19:

Albemarle High School Community Open House
Translators needed!
Thursday, August 19, 5:00-8:30 PM at Albemarle County High School

All participants will be required to wear masks.
Family entry will be staggered to avoid crowding and safety protocols will be followed.
Please let us know if you can come for part or all of this event to help translate and to pass out information to
multilingual families!


The Equity Center is partnering with Albemarle High School to bring community resources to their multilingual
families during an open house event, August 19th @ 5 PM.

Different community groups will be in a centralized area in the Albemarle High School building. There will be tables
spread throughout where organizations will provide information about services and resources in the community in
areas such as Youth and Families, Food Security, Immigration, Health, Alternative Transportation, Housing, Jobs and

Here’s where you come in. AHS is the high school that has a lot of multilingual families. We are calling on MOVE
volunteers to attend this event, greet families, and orient them in their home language. Some of the languages
represented include Spanish, Thai, Arabic, Pashto, Kinyarwanda, Dari, Nepali, Zulu, and Tagalog, but there are many
more needed and we would love to have your language represented.

The Equity Center and AHS are also planning to print the Street Sheets you all have worked on in each of these
languages and have them available to families!

Once more, the event will take place Thursday, August 19, 5:00-8:30 PM at Albemarle County High School. All
participants will be required to wear masks. Family entry will be staggered to avoid crowding and safety protocols
will be followed.

Please let us know if you can come for part or all this event to help translate and to pass out information to
multilingual families.

Thank you for all you do!

Liz and Alize

Elizabeth Wittner she, her, hers
Academic Director and ITA Program Coordinator
Center for American English Language and Culture
VISAS Volunteers with International Students Staff and Scholars
MOVE Multilingual Outreach Volunteer Effort

Homer Statue

Volunteer Tutoring Opportunity with Sin Barreras

August 12, 2021

Volunteer tutoring opportunity with Sin Barreras


Want to help change someone's life?

Want to connect more with our immigrant community?



Consider being a GED instructor.

Classes will run Sept 2021 - June 2022

2 evenings a week

6:30pm-8:30pm Classes taught only in Spanish


Instructors are needed for: 

Social Studies        Science        Language Arts        Math



CALL: 434-234-8141