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Congratulations are in order for Professor Eli Carter for LARR-Pitt Best Article Award

May 31, 2019

Congratulations to Eli Carter, who has been named the recipient of the 2019 Latin American Research Review (LARR) Best Article Award for his article “Representing Blackness in Brazil’s Changing Television Landscape: The Cases of Mister Brau and O Grande Gonzalez,” published in LARR Volume 53 (2).

The LARR-Pitt Best Article Award is presented at each LASA International Congress to the best research article published by the Latin American Research Review (LARR) during the past calendar year.  For more information about the award, please visit LARR-Pitt Best Article Award

Congratulations Professor Charlotte Rogers

May 31, 2019

The department is very happy to announce that Charlotte Rogers’s second book, Mourning El Dorado: Literature and Extractivism in the Contemporary American Tropics, has just appeared in print. It is part of the University of Virginia Press’s series in New World Studies:

Charlotte Rogers, Assistant Professor of Spanish at the University of Virginia, is also the author of Jungle Fever: Exploring Madness and Medicine in Twentieth-Century Tropical Narratives.

"Decolonizing the Digital Humanities" Media Coverage

April 30, 2019

Thanks to everyone who participated in our conference on "Decolonizing the Digital Humanities: Indigenous Arts, Histories, and Knowledges from the Material to the Screen." This event was designed to recognize the place of Indigenous scholars and Indigenous studies at UVa in this, the UNESCO Year of Indigenous Languages.

From April 5-6, we hosted leading scholars and artists from Indigenous and settler communities in Australia, Latin America, and the US.

If you missed the event, our friends at the Cavalier Daily and DH@UVa have provided thorough media coverage.

You can find the full program, with links to speaker bios and contact information, here.

Thanks again to everyone who presented, attended, and helped to sponsor the event. The conference was sponsored by the Page-Barbour Fund for Interdisciplinary Scholarship, Institute of Humanities and Global Cultures, Center for Global Inquiry and Innovation, McIntire Department of Art, and Center for the Americas/Centro de las Américas.

Andrea Pauw

Congratulations Andrea Pauw!

March 20, 2019

Andrea Pauw has been awarded a Mellon/American Council of Learned Societies Dissertation Completion Fellowship (DCF) for her dissertation, Verses to Live By: Aljamiado Poetry in Mudéjar and Morisco Communities. The Mellon/ACLS DCF competition is one of the most competitive, purely academic fellowship competitions there is. The fellowship supports Ph.D. candidates in their final year of dissertation writing, with a stipend of $30,000, $3,000 in additional funds for research, and up to $5,000 for university fees.

Congratulations Andrea on this great honor and a singular achievement!

Sigma Delta Pi

Apply to Sigma Delta Pi

March 19, 2019

If you are interested in promoting Hispanic Literatures and Cultures then Sigma Delta Pi is for you. Some of the most notable benefits are the opportunity for national awards, grants, and scholarships, which can facilitate study abroad programs and provide money for graduate research grants. Sigma Delta Pi, the National Collegiate Hispanic Honor Society, is a non-profit organization incorporated in the State of South Carolina, a member of the Association of College Honor Societies and partners with the American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese and the North American Academy of the Spanish Language. Zeta Zeta Chapter of Sigma Delta Pi is currently accepting applications for membership. Application is due Wednesday, March 27.

Click here to download an application.
Please return to Matthew Street, 418 New Cabell Hall.

Homer Statue

The European Studies Program at the University of Virginia is now accepting applications for its MA degree Program in European Studies

February 22, 2019

Rolling admissions will be considered until May 1, 2019 for matriculation in the Fall.

Undergraduate students interested in the 4+1 B.A./M.A. option should apply during the Spring semester of their third year.

The University of Virginia’s M.A program in European Studies trains students to think across disciplines and cultures and apply a diverse array of methodologies to the study of Europe in a global framework.

This program includes a one semester of study in Europe that will position students to research and write a substantial thesis, and to be more successful in finding their place in the global workforce.

The European Studies M.A. allows for concentrations in highly relevant fields such as migration, belonging, and human rights; race and collective identities; green economies, and sustainable development; foreign affairs,   religion, culture, and democracy; history and memory; and the like.

Questions? Contact Professor Manuela Achilles ( or check out European Studies website.

UVa Spanish Theatre Group Presents "Cifras"

February 15, 2019

From February 15th to 17th at Helms Theatre, the University of Virginia Spanish Theatre Group will be presenting the worldwide premiere in the original language of Spanish playwright Mar Gómez Glez’s Cifras.

An example of ‘fact-inspired drama,’ Cifras is based on the plight of the Francisco y Catalina, a Spanish fishing boat that in July of 2006 rescued fifty-one migrants in the Mediterranean Sea, approximately one hundred miles from the coast of Malta. What followed was a weeklong maritime standstill as diplomatic negotiations got underway regarding possible and willing host countries for the migrants. Meanwhile, hygienic and living conditions rapidly deteriorated on board, and while the politicians negotiated the future of the migrants, the present of those aboard the boat was one of escalating human drama and tension.

Cifras is the latest production by the University of Virginia Spanish Theatre Group and director Fernando Operé, who with the help of graduate students and faculty, has been enriching the UVa and Charlottesville community with performances in Spanish by Spanish-speaking playwrights for 37 years. Don’t miss out on this unique theatre experience in Spanish!

Friday, February 15th at 8pm
Saturday, February 16th at 2pm and 8pm
Sunday, February 17th at 2pm

Tickets available through the Arts Box Office (Culbreth Theatre)
Purchase online, call (434) 924–3376, or stop by Monday to Friday, 12–5pm
$5 for students, $15 for non-students, art dollars not accepted


IWL Speaker Series on Languages for Specfic Purpose Presents a talk with Dr. Lourdes Sánchez-López, January 30 at 1:30pm NCH 162

January 30, 2019

We are happy to announce that the IWL Language for Specific Purposes Group (of which Alicia López-Operé, Paula Sprague and myself are members) in conjunction with the IWL Speaker Series has organized the visit and talk of Dr. Lourdes Sánchez-López (University of Alabama at Birmingham), a recognized scholar on this field and the Director of the Spanish for Specific Purposes Certificate program at her institution.


If you would like to learn more about LSP studies, pedagogy, and curriculum design, on Wednesday, January 30th there will be two possibilities to interact with Dr. Sánchez-López:

Ø She will hold andpen meeting with faculty and graduate students from 1:30PM to 2:15P at NCH-162.

Ø In her talk, entitled "Languages for Specific Purposes: Curriculum Development and Program Design in the 21st Century”,  Dr. Sánchez-López will present an overview of the evolution of Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) studies in American higher education including its future directions. She will also speak on the sequential development of the various LSP programs established at the University of Alabama at Birmingham in the last two decades. 3:30pm to 5:00pm at New Cabell 349 (French Conference Room)

We hope to see you there!




Spanish Majors Highlighted in Journal of Interactive Technology & Pedagogy

January 8, 2019

Please join us in congratulating students from SPAN 4500, whose work with colonial archives is featured in the latest issue of the Journal of Interactive Technology & Pedagogy!

Students in professor Allison Bigelow's course on "Colonial Translations" (Interpretando América Latina colonial) transcribed, translated, and annotated portions of rare books and manuscripts from the University of Virginia's Special Collections Library for publication on the Early Americas Digital Archive.

As Bigelow argues in the article, students in SPAN 4500 learned about colonial archives "by approaching them as public-facing, meaning-making sites of translation, interpretation, and textual editing, and by remediating print materials from the archives into annotated translations."

For a list of the 11 projects published on EADA by students at UVa and the College of William & Mary, please click here.

Congratulations to translators Ashleigh K. Ramos, Andreea Cleopatra Washburn, Vanessa Macias, Mawusi Bridges, Shaun Casey, Julia Colopy, Eleanor Daugherty, Taylor Dorr, Mary Catherine Gibbs, Carly Gordon, Rebecca Graham, Alison Haulsee, Brynna Heflin, Kimberly Hursh, Lindsey Jones, Katherine Lara, Nathaniel Menninger, Sierra Prochna, Kyle Reitz, Blake Selph, Alexandra Soroka, Julia Sroba, Nora Zahn, Mary-Rolfe Zeller, Emily Zhang, Patrick Johnson, Sutton White, Matt Troppe, Anthony Correia, Brent Nagel, Hannah Berk, Sarah Schuster, Abby Kamensky, Mae Flato, Molly Hepner, Kayla Pomeranz, Karla Núñez, Danielle Tassara, Emma Merrill, Taneen Maghsoudi, Kimia Nikseresht, Tara Shafiei, and Claire Gillepsie!


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Spanish Honor Society - Sigma Delta Pi - Application Deadline Nov 2

November 2, 2018

If you are interested in promoting Hispanic Literatures and Cultures then Sigma Delta Pi is for you. Some of the most notable benefits are the opportunity for national awards, grants, and scholarships, which can facilitate study abroad programs and provide money for graduate research grants. Sigma Delta Pi, the National Collegiate Hispanic Honor Society, is a non-profit organization incorporated in the State of South Carolina, a member of the Association of College Honor Societies and partners with the American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese and the North American Academy of the Spanish Language. Zeta Zeta Chapter of Sigma Delta Pi is currently accepting applications for membership. Application is due Friday, November 2

Download Sigma Delta Pi Application (PDF document)

Homer Statue

SPAN 2010 Offered in J-Term

October 12, 2018

SPAN 2010 in J-Term. The Department of Spanish, Italian, & Portuguese will be offering SPAN 2010 in J-Term 2019. This course will meet for 5 hours each day for 10 days, January 2-12, 2019, with class on Saturday, January 5 and Saturday, January 12. The hours will be 9:00-12:00 and 1:30-3:30.
Important:  Students enrolled in this course are required to enroll in SPAN 2020 during this Spring 2019. When you register for SPAN 2010 in J-Term, please make sure you also enroll in SPAN 2020 for Spring 2019.

For more information:



Crafting a Profile for a Liberal Arts Job

October 3, 2018

On Wednesday, October 3, we were pleased to host a professional-development event for graduate students across the humanities with Dr. Daniel Hartnett, Associate Professor of Spanish at Kenyon College. His presentation, “Crafting a Profile for a Liberal Arts Job,” explained how students can plan their graduate study to build a diversified profile that can shine through in their application materials and set them on the path to tenure. He specifically addressed the culture and hiring practices of liberal-arts colleges, and drew on his own experience as a doctoral alum of the University of Virginia to communicate how graduate students can position themselves for success in a changing academic job market. There was ample time for questions and answers from students as well. Click to download the event flyer.

This event was sponsored by the Department of Spanish, Italian & Portuguese, the Department of English, the Department of French, and the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, in association with PhD Plus.

Save the Date: "Between Heaven and Hell: Botticelli’s Lost Drawings and the Discovery of the Renaissance"

October 1, 2018

Prof. Joseph Luzzi's talk will narrate the story of how one hundred illustrations of Dante’s Divine Comedy by the legendary Florentine artist Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) went missing for over four hundred years, and how their dramatic discovery by an obscure German art historian named Walter Lippmann in 1882 contributed to the creation of what we now call “the Renaissance.”

The presentation will take place on Monday, October 1, 2018 at 5:00pm  NCH 236.

This event is sponsored by the Department of Spanish, Italian & Portuguese

SIP FilmFest 2018: Contemporary Women’s Visions from Spain, Italy, and Latin America

September 27, 2018

We are excited to announce the Department of Spanish, Italian and Portuguese's second annual film festival (September 27th to September 30th). Please mark your calendars, and make this information available to your students and to other interested parties.

The SIP FilmFest organizing committee has selected “Contemporary Women’s Visions from Spain, Italy, and Latin America” as the theme for this year’s festival. Building on last year’s success, recent films from Italy, Latin America, and Spain will be screened in venues on grounds and downtown. All films will be free and open to the general public, and they will be screened in their original languages with English subtitles.

Thanks for your renewed support. We hope to see you and your students at the Festival!

SIP FilmFest 2018 Organizing Committee:

Esther Poveda Moreno
Sarah Annunziato
Nuria Ballesteros Soria
Francesca Calamita
Lilian Feitosa
David Florez-Murillo
Esperanza Górriz Jarque
Alicia López-Operé
Paula Sprague
Matthew Street
Zaida Villanueva García

SIP FilmFest 2018:
Contemporary Women’s Visions from Spain, Italy, and Latin America

Women directors have often been neglected by mainstream audiences and by canonical academic syllabi. At a time of renewed uncertainty for women's rights, we would like to continue giving voice to female filmmakers, protagonists and minor characters who question the status quo with their gaze, their stories, and their behaviors, and have gone beyond traditional portrayals of women. Our selection of movies for this year’s Festival encompasses a variety of countries and latitudes, bringing a cross-cultural and global point of view of women’s experiences to the forefront.

Thursday, September 27

5 p.m. La novia del desierto / The Desert Bride
(Cecilia Atán and Valeria Pivato, Argentina/Chile, 2017)
Newcomb Hall Theater, University of Virginia

  • 5–6pm Reception
  • 6:15pm Opening Remarks
  • 6:20–6:30pm Introduction to the film by Dr. Rocío Gordon and Dr. Fernando Operé
  • 6:30–8:30pm Film and discussion with Dr. Rocío Gordon and Dr. Fernando Operé

54-year old Teresa has worked for decades as a live-in maid with a family in Buenos Aires. When the family sells the house, she is forced to take a job in the semi-desert region of San Juan. During her first stop at the pilgrimage site of the miraculous “Difunta Correa”, she loses her bag with all her belongings. This unexpected incident stalls Teresa’s life long enough to make her reappraise her existence, and the ways in which she could take ownership of it.

watch the trailer

Friday, September 28

3:30 p.m. “Representations of the Slum in Argentine Cinema.”
A talk by Dr. Rocío Gordon (Christopher Newport University). Gibson-211.

Since their consolidation as an urban phenomenon in the 1950s, the shantytowns of Buenos Aires have been represented in Argentine visual media, but it wasn’t until the 1990s and early 2000s that they became more permanent in television and cinema. This presentation will focus on a current trend called cine villero (slum dweller cinema) and how through the use of a digital medium and long takes, a new cinematic experience is created in which the villero becomes an open subject whose agency is reaffirmed.

Friday, September 28

8 p.m. Era d'estate / Once in the Summer (Fiorella Infascelli, Italy, 2016)
Charlottesville City Hall Council Chambers

  • 8–8:10pm Introduction to the film by Dr. Sarah Annunziato and Dr. Francesca Calamita
  • 8:10–10:30pm Film and discussion with Dr. Sarah Annunziato and Dr. Francesca Calamita

In the summer of 1985, two anti-Mafia judges along with their families are transferred to a safe house in a small island north of Sardinia. Sparkling seas and a gorgeous landscape fit for a relaxing holiday are in sharp contrast with the constant threats to their lives from the Mafia and sabotage of their mission from within the Italian government. Based on actual events, this is a story of friendship grounded in a mutual commitment to truth and justice.

watch the trailer

Saturday, September 29

2 p.m. Los Adioses / The Eternal Feminine (Natalia Berinstain, Mexico, 2017)
Nau Hall 101

  • 2–2:10pm Introduction to the film by Ms. María Esparza
  • 2:10–4:30pm Film and discussion with Ms. María Esparza

The film traces an important turning point in the life of Rosario Castellanos, one of the most important feminist authors in Mexican literature. In the early 1950s in Mexico City, Castellanos is fighting to have her voice heard in a society run by men. She is also involved in a tumultuous marriage that brings out her fragility and contradictions. At the peak of her career and her marriage, her struggles ignite a discussion of gender roles that will mark a turning point in her life.

watch the trailer

Saturday, September 29

8 p.m. El Olivo / The Olive Tree (Iciar Bollaín, Spain, 2016)
Charlottesville City Hall Council Chambers

  • 8:00–8:10pm Introduction to the film by Ms. Joanne Britland
  • 8:10–10:30pm Film and discussion with Ms. Joanne Britland

20-year old Alma works on a chicken farm in Castellón, on the east coast of Spain. She has a profound connection with her dearly beloved grandfather even though he stopped talking years ago. When he begins to refuse to eat, Alma becomes obsessed with an idea: the only way to save her grandfather is to recover the millennial olive tree that the family uprooted and sold against his will 12 years earlier.

watch the trailer

Sunday, September 30

2 p.m. Como nossos pais / Just Like Our Parents (Laís Bodanzky, Brazil, 2017)
Nau Hall 101

  • 2–2:10pm Introduction to the film by Dr. Lilian Feitosa and Dr. Brian Owensby
  • 2:10–4:30pm Film and discussion with Dr. Lilian Feitosa and Dr. Brian Owensby

Rosa decides to break out of her usual obligations when her mother makes a surprising disclosure. Her new direction reveals that life still holds many surprises. This is a story about a woman who confronts the self-imposed and impossible expectations on herself as daughter, mother, wife, and breadwinner.

watch the trailer

This event has been made possible thanks to the generous support of the UVA Arts Fund for Artistic Excellence, the Latin American Studies Program, the Department of Women, Gender & Sexuality, the Department of Media Studies, the Institute of World Languages, and the Department of Spanish, Italian & Portuguese.

Poetry & Poetics: Poesía at UVA. 12 Poets from 7 Countries Reading Poetry.

September 18, 2018

Save the date for this semester's series on Poetry & Poetics: Poesía at UVa!

Coordinated by professors Fernando Operé (UVa) and Fernando Valverde (Emory), this celebration of lyric, sound, and meaning will feature 12 poets from 7 countries reading their work.

Readings by Juan Felipe Herrera, Tracy K. Smith (U.S. Poet Laureate), Carolyn Forché, and Juan Pinilla will be open to the public.

Stay tuned for more information!

Scholars Lab

Congratulations, Catherine Addington and Mathilda Shepard!

June 18, 2018

Congratulations are in order for PhD students Catherine Addington and Mathilda Shepard, who have been accepted to the 2018-2019 cohort at Scholars' Lab, a hub for researchers from across the disciplines who are working on a variety of digital projects.

The 2018-2019 Praxis cohort includes:

  • Catherine Addington (Spanish)
  • Cho Jiang (Urban and Environmental Planning) 
  • Eleanore Neumann (Art and Architectural History) 
  • Mathilda Shepherd (Spanish)
  • Chloe Wells (Art and Architectural History) 
  • Chris Whitehead (History) 

To learn more about graduate fellowships in Scholars' Lab, or DH projects more broadly, please visit the Graduate Fellowships and Opportunities page or DH@UVA.


IWL Distinguished Undergraduate Award: Vicki Reyes Hernández

May 1, 2018

Congratulations to Vicki Reyes Hernández, one of three students to receive this year's Distinguished Undergraduate Award from the Institute of World Languages!

Vicki is a third-year student double majoring in Speech Communication Disorders (Curry School of Education) and Spanish (College of Arts & Sciences). Her passion for language stems from her hard work learning a language (Spanish) that many believe comes naturally to her. Her motivation to study Speech and Speech Pathology comes from a similar source: she understands the frustration that comes when we can't communicate our thoughts and intentions because of factors that are beyond our control.

Vicki writes, "As a result, I've channeled my diligence and frustration into what is now my double major. My studies in language, from classes like Hispanic Women Writers to Anatomy and Physiology of Speech, have pushed me to acquire a global perspective on communication. The flexibility of my interests has allowed me to study Portuguese and learn about the deaf community. This upcoming summer I will be studying abroad in Belgium and the Netherlands to conduct research on the acoustical characteristics of individuals' speech when speaking foreign languages."

Once she completes her undergraduate work, Vicki plans to continue her study of speech pathology in graduate school. But before that, she will work or volunteer in Latin America in order to perfect her Spanish (and maybe Portuguese, too!) in the hope of becoming a better multilingual speech pathologist.

Congratulations, Vicki, on this distinguished award! We are rooting for you!



Eli 2018

Professor Eli Carter Receives All-University Teaching Award (Spring 2018)

April 27, 2018

Please congratulate Eli Carter for Receiving one this year’s All-University Teaching Awards. This highly competitive award recognizes excellence in teaching, and takes into account the professor's research and service accomplishments.

Congrats Eli!!!!



valencia rajoy

UVa in Valencia Students Meet the Prime Minister of Spain

April 18, 2018

¡Felicidades a los alumnos de Valencia!

El día de ayer, 17 de abril, nuestros estudiantes estuvieron con el presidente del gobierno, Mariano Rajoy #presidente #uvavalencia

Para mayores informaciones en cuanto al programa de Valencia, haz clic en nuestra página o síguenos en Facebook e Insta.

La Vendemmia di marzo 2018

La Vendemmia di marzo 2018

March 27, 2018

Click through to read the March 2018 edition of La Vendemmia, the newsletter of Italian Studies at UVa.

UVa's National Spanish Honor Society's Honor Seal

Join UVa's National Spanish Honor Society

March 22, 2018

If you are interested in promoting Hispanic Literatures and Cultures then Sigma Delta Pi is for you. Some of the most notable benefits are the opportunity for national awards, grants, and scholarships, which can facilitate study abroad programs and provide money for graduate research grants. Sigma Delta Pi, the National Collegiate Hispanic Honor Society, is a non-profit organization incorporated in the State of South Carolina, a member of the Association of College Honor Societies and partners with the American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese and the North American Academy of the Spanish Language. Zeta Zeta Chapter of Sigma Delta Pi is currently accepting applications for membership. Application is due Thursday, April 5.

Click here to download the application. Please return to Matthew Street, 418 New Cabell.

Homer Statue

Moratorium on Declaring Spanish Major (March 26–April 6)

March 13, 2018

This notice only applies to those who want to declare a major in Spanish.

The Department of Spanish, Italian & Portuguese welcomes the opportunity to have new Spanish majors join our department, but in order to serve our current Spanish majors, we will not assign Spanish major advisors during the Fall 2018 Advising period (Monday, March 26—Friday, April 6).

Faculty advisors in the Spanish program will only meet with their current advisees between March 26 and April 6. During this time, advisors will not be available to meet with students who want to declare a major in Spanish.

The department will resume accepting Spanish major declarations the week of April 9. This semester, the last day to be assigned to a Spanish major advisor is Tuesday, April 17. 

If you have questions, please contact staff member Shawn Harris.

Harrison Undergraduate Research Awards: Melanie Turner

Harrison Undergraduate Research Awards: Congratulations to Melanie Turner!

March 8, 2018

Congratulations are in order for Melanie Turner, a third-year student majoring in Speech Pathology/Audiology and Spanish Linguistics/Philology, who received one of 46 Harrison Undergraduate Research Awards for summer 2018.

In her project, Melanie will study two sets of vocal quality terms commonly used among singers: dark/light and back/front. Previous research suggests that these terms may have similar meanings, possibly making them difficult to internalize and reproduce. This redundancy may be particularly challenging for singers who receive instruction from different teachers, coaches, or speech pathologists. If a singer gets a voice disorder, the ambiguity may also make it difficult to learn new therapeutic voice qualities and retain said vocal qualities upon their return to singing. Melanie's study will attempt to identify if any acoustic, aerodynamic, physiological, and/or perceptual differences exist between productions of these voice qualities, with the end goal of standardizing terminology in order to more effectively assist or treat singers and patients.

¡Felicidades, Melanie!

Interested in conducting your own research? Click here to learn more about thematic concentrations in the Spanish major; click "Grants & Awards" for a list of fellowships to support undergraduate research. Additional sources of funding from the university, national agencies, and international research centers are listed through the Center for Undergraduate Excellence. Information about the interdisciplinary program in Linguistics is available here.


Samuel Amago

Presenting our New Faculty Member Samuel Amago

March 8, 2018

The Department is delighted to announce that Professor Samuel Amago will be joining the faculty in Fall 2018.  Professor Amago is an authority on twentieth- and twenty-first-century Spanish narrative and film, and also has a strong interest in cultural studies.  He is the author of two monographs, True Lies: Narrative Self-Consciousness in the Contemporary Spanish Novel (Bucknell UP 2006) and Spanish Cinema in the Global Context: Film on Film (Routledge 2013), and is currently working on a third, provisionally entitled “Basura.” A Cultural Archaeology of Contemporary Spain.  He is also the co-editor of two volumes, Unearthing Franco’s Legacy: Mass Graves and the Recovery of Historical Memory in Spain, with Carlos Jerez-Farrán (U of Notre Dame P 2010) and a special issue of Hispanófila, called Vademécum del cine iberoamericano: Métodos y teorías, with Eugenia Afinoguénova and Kathryn Everly (2016). A third collaboration will appear shortly, Drawing Nearer: Comics Culture in Contemporary Spain, with Matthew J. Marr.

Professor Amago received his Ph.D. in Spanish literature from the University of Virginia in 2003, and has previously taught at the University of Notre Dame and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.